PMKVY- PRIME MINISTER’S KAUSHAL VIKAS YOJANA
The PMKVY Scheme has been launched to extend help to workers who need to develop skills to be employed.
The Prime Minister Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY), the flagship scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, is a skill development initiative which aims to train the youth of the country to become employable and increase the efficiency of daily wage labourers by giving them monetary stipends and rewards and by providing them with standard training. The average award or stipend given to a person is INR 8,000. Wage earners who have better and more advanced skill than the others are given recognition from the PMKVY scheme under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) while they are also given an average amount of INR 2,000 to INR 2,500.
When the scheme was first laid down by the government, the target was to distribute Rs. 15 billion and training programs were designed based on National Occupational Standards (NOS). Qualification packs were specifically decided for each sector and the skills required in that sector. The various Sector Skill Councils created in collaboration with industries of different sectors approved of quality and qualification plans which are monitored by the National Skill Development Council (NSDC).
The target set by the scheme was to train 1 crore Indian youth in employability skills in the years 2016-2020.
Main Tasks Achieved by the Scheme
- Short-term training programs given at PMKVY training centres benefits the unemployed and college dropouts. It trains youngsters in Soft Skills, Entrepreneurship, Financial and Digital Literacy. The duration of training differs according to the job profile, it can be anything between 150 and 300 hours. Once the assessment is complete, they get placed with the help of Training Partners (TPs). The entire training fees is paid by the Central Government, while TPs are given payouts.
- RPL, as mentioned above, gives a platform to individuals with prior learning skills or experience which get certified. It aims to bring the unregulated workforce in the country under the umbrella of the National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF).
- Special projects are those which provide training in special areas or government bodies, corporate or industry bodies, and training in special job roles which are not specified under Qualification Packs or the NOS standards.
- A Kaushal and Rozgar Mela is conducted twice a year with media coverage to ensure the active participation of the community which ensures transparency and accountability targeting at mobilisation.
- PMKVY ensures that the skills of the workers are utilised by creating employment opportunities and market demand. They put efforts in Training Centres to provide placement opportunities to candidates, trained and certified.
- Other methods like call validations, surprise visits, self-audit reporting and monitoring through Skills Development Management System (SDMS) are methodologies applied by the training centres and monitoring agencies.
The application procedure is as simplified as it can be. All the aspirant needs to do is go to the official website of the PMKVY Scheme to which the link is: pmkvyofficial.org.
On the homepage, one finds under the Quick Links section, a link to Skill India. The candidate is redirected automatically to the Skill India website: https://www.skillindia.gov.in/ . Here, one needs to Register as Candidate and can find the link to the registration form.
The application form asks for basic details like the name of the candidate, date of birth, gender, education, details of the guardian, etc. The candidate, after filling this section, can proceed to filling the location details, preferences, associated programmes and interested in fields.
Once these details are filled, the candidate can Submit the form and take a printout for their own reference.
To register oneself for this scheme the candidate needs to wait for the new and the updated official notification which is launched every year by the concerned authorities of PMKVY.
The PMKVY Scheme has been launched to extend help to workers who need to develop skills to be employed. Also, it is an initiative to reduce unemployment – voluntary and involuntary in the youth of the country. Therefore, the eligibility criteria do not require the candidate to be well qualified.
In fact, the training programs are designed for those who are either college dropouts or unemployed.
The RPL scheme is for the workers who have prior training in particular skills. Such workers are given recognition under the PMKVY Scheme so that they get better employment opportunities once they are certified.
The candidate need not pay any fees for the training. The Government of India bears the cost of the training.
The PMKVY Scheme asks for only a unique identification ID.
The candidate can submit the ID in the form of any of the following:
- An Aadhaar Card, which has the Aadhaar Number that will be treated as the Unique Identification Number; or
- A Voter ID if the candidate fails to produce an Aadhaar Card.
- Having a bank account is a must for the candidate so that the funds or the stipend or monetary rewards can be directly transferred to the candidate’s bank account.
- The most important benefit that one can get is to be able to learn a skill. Entrepreneurship, soft skills, and employability skills can empower a person from the remotest of areas and from any strata of the society.
- The candidate gets a reward for learning the skill.
- Having prior skills and training can get the candidate certification from the government body and create more demand for them.
- Every candidate who enrols in the program, is contributing to his own livelihood, at the same time building a secure future for themselves. They are also contributing to the workforce of a skilled India.