FSSAI REGISTRATION IN INDIA

FSSAI REGISTRATION IN INDIA

All food businesses are required to obtain an FSSAI Registration including which has income less than 12 lakhs.

FSSAI Registration Process and Documents Requirement

FSSAI which stands for Food Safety and Standards Authority of India is an organization that supervise and governs the food business in India. It assures that the food products undergo proper quality checks thereby restricting the food adulteration and sale of sub-standard products. Further, FSSAI is regulatory authority for registering and licensing of the food business operators (FBO) in India and it lays down the rules and regulation which needs to be complied with for running the food business in India.

FSSAI Registration and its Applicability

As per Section 31(1) and 31 (2) of the FSS Act, 2006, every FBO (Food Business Operator) in the country is required to be licensed/registered under the Food Safety & Standards Authority of India. The said authority is solely responsible for creating an information network across the country so that the general public, consumers, etc. receive speedy, reliable and accurate information about the food safety and also hygiene and the other related issues of concern. FSSAI Registration is required for:

  • Every FBO who is involved in the manufacturing, processing, storage distribution, and sale of products must obtain FSSAI Registration or License. Please note that FSSAI Registration is different from FSSAI License as per the size and nature of the business.
  • FSSAI provides a 14 digit registration or license number which is printed on all types of food packages. FSSAI Registration puts a responsibility on every Food Business Operator to maintain the quality of food products.

 

Who should apply for FSSAI Registration?

All food businesses which has income less than 12 lakhs are required to obtain an FSSAI Registration. Such food business operators are as follows:

  • Retailer, supplier, distributor, whole seller and food vending establishments
  • Business of canteen, dhaba, club , restaurants and hotels which has an annual turnover of less than Rs. 12 lakhs
  • Petty Food Manufacturers
  • Small stalls which sells food items
  • Cottage industries selling food items
  • Businesses which are involved in selling food for social and religious gathering
  • Production or processing units of vegetable oil and refineries include oil expeller system. The capacity has to be less than 100 kg/litre a day (except meat or milk).
  • Dairy units, involved in /collection/ procurement / chilling/handling of milk, having a capacity has to be less than 500 litres a day or up to 2.5 Metric Ton of milk solids.
  • Slaughter shops having not more than 2 large animals or 50 poultry birds or 10 small animals in a day.

 

Types of FSSAI Registration in India

Type of FSSAI Registration depends upon the turnover of the Company/Food Business. 

  1. Basic FSSAI Registration : You would require basic FSSAI Registration, if the annual turnover is below Rs. 12 lakhs. For ex: Petty Food Businesses
  2. State FSSAI License: In case your business turnover is between Rs. 12 lakhs and Rs. 20 crore, you will require State License from FSSAI.
  3. Central FSSAI License: If your business turnover exceeds Rs. 20 crore, then you would require Central License.

 

Documents required for FSSAI Registration (Basic)

For Basic FSSAI Registration, following documents are compulsorily required:

  • Form A - Completed and signed
  • Copy of the property paper (if owned)
  • Copy of Rent Agreement (If rented property)
  • Electricity bill or water bill of business place
  • Photograph of Food Business Operator
  • Identification proof of proprietor or partners or directors like Aadhar Card, or Voter ID card etc.
  • List of products to be dealt with.

 

Procedure for obtaining FSSAI Registration

Application for FSSAI Registration/License can be made either offline or online. Following is the step by step process to obtain FSSAI Registration:
Step1- Small scale business operator needs to submit an application form in Form A along with the fees of Rs 100 to Food and Safety Department.
Step 2- After submitting the application, the food business operator receives a Unique Application Reference Number
Step 3- Thereafter, RA (Registering Authority) may grant or reject the registration within 7 days of receipt of the application, after recording the reasons thereof.
Step 4- Before granting the registration, a Registering Authority (RA) may also order an inspection of the application form within 7 days of receipt of application. Such inspection has to be completed within 30days.
Step 5: If the application is accepted, then the department will issue a Registration Certificate with its registration number and photo of the applicant
Step 6- Finally, when the Registration is granted, then FBO can start the business and can prominently display the Certificate of Registration.

Note: Registration For Basic License is applied by form A, whereas Registration for Central and State FSSAI license is applied by Form B.

 

Documents required for the obtaining the State license:
  • Form B duly completed and signed
  • Plan of the processing unit showing the dimensions and operation-wise area allocation
  • List of Directors/ Partners/ Proprietor with address, contact details, and photo ID
  • Name and list of equipment and machinery used with the number and installed capacity
  • List of food category to be manufactured
  • Authority letter
  • Analysis report of water to be used in the process to confirm the portability
  • Proof of possession of premises
  • Partnership deed/ affidavit of proprietorship
  • NOC and copy of License from the manufacturer
  • Copy of certificate obtained under Cooperative Act 1861/Multi state Cooperative Act 2002
  • Food safety management system plan or certificate.

 

Documents required for the obtaining the Central license:
  • Form B duly completed and signed
  • Plan of the processing unit showing the dimensions and operation-wise area allocation
  • List of Directors/ Partners/ Proprietor with address, contact details, and photo ID
  • Name and list of equipment and machinery used with the number and installed capacity
  • List of food category to be manufactured
  • Authority letter from manufacturer nominated a responsible person name and address
  • Analysis report of water to be used in the process to confirm the portability
  • Source of raw material for milk, meat etc
  • Recall plan wherever applicable
  • Ministry of Commerce Certificate for 100% EOU
  • NOC/PA document issued by FSSAI
  • IE code document issued by DGFT
  • Form IX
  • Certificate from Ministry of Tourism
  • Proof of possession of premises
  • Partnership deed/ affidavit of proprietorship
  • NOC and copy of License from the manufacturer
  • Food safety management system plan or certificate
  • NOC from the municipality or local body
  • Supporting document for proof of turnover and transportation
  • Declaration form

 

Procedure for obtaining FSSAI State/Central License

Step 1: Food business operator needs to submit an application form to the Licensing Authority via the FSSAI online registration process in Form B along with the fees
Step 2: Then the Food Business operator will receive a Unique Application Reference Number
Step 3: The application must consist of Affidavit, Annexe and additional information as applicable.
Step 4:  Thereafter, the person will receive the Unique Application ID
Step 5: The authority does an inspection after the receipt of an application, if considered necessary and issues an inspection report.
Step 6: Finally, the grant of license within 60 days after completing all the formalities.

 

Validity and Renewal
  • On completion of the registration process, an FSSAI license number is provided to the food business operator. If the food business is operating in more than one state, a central license will be required for the head office / registered office. The license is issued with varying validity from 1 year to 5 years.
  • If the license get expired, it can be renewed for another one year to five as the case may be, not later than 30 days prior to the expiry date as indicated in the registration certificate.
  • Any renewal application filed after the expiry date, shall be accompanied by a late fee of Rs. 100 per day for each day of delay.

 

Consequences and Penalty for Non-Compliance

Any registered or licensed person under the FSSAI has to comply to the rules and regulation under the FSS Act, 2006. Food safety officer generally conducts the inspection of the food business operator’s facility and identifies the level of compliance with the regulation using a checklist. Some of the for various type of non-compliance and its penalties are:
Non-Compliance    Penalty
Food Quality not in compliance with Act    2 lakh
Petty Manufacturer - Rs. 25000
Sub-standard food    5 lakh
Misleading advertisement or false description    10 lakh
Failure to comply with Food Safety Officer Direction    2 lakh
Unhygienic processing or manufacture    1 lakh


FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTION (FAQs)

 
Who is responsible for implementation & Enforcement of FSSA, 2006

Ans: Food Safety and Standards Authority of India and State Food Authorities are jointly responsible for implementation & enforcement of FSSA, 2006. The details are provided Section 29 of FSS Act, 2006.

 

Are different Licenses required to conduct different kind of food business activities at the same premise?

Ans: FSSAI license is based on premise. All kinds of food business activities which are being 
conducted at the same premise can be applied for in a single FSSAI license.

 

Who are petty food business operators? What is the eligibility for FSSAI registration certificate?

Ans: Petty Food Business Operators (FBO) who himself manufactures or sells any article of food or a petty retailer, hawker, itinerant vendor or a temporary stall holder or small scale or cottage or such other industries relating to food business or tiny food business operator having annual turnover up to Rs. 12 Lacs and/or whose
i. production capacity of food products does not exceed 100 kg or litres per day, or
ii. handling and collection of milk is up to 500 litres of milk per day, or
iii. slaughtering capacity is 2 large animals or 10 small animals or 50 poultry birds per day or less.

 

My License/Registration is suspended or cancelled. Do I need to stop food business activities? 

Ans: On the suspension or cancellation of his/her License or registration, a food business operator needs to stop food business activities immediately. Carrying out any food business activity on suspended or cancelled License/Registration is an unlawful activity and shall attract penal actions under FSS Act, 2006.

 

Do I need to obtain FSSAI License for utensils/packaging material meant for serving or packaging of food?

Ans: No. FSSAI License/Registration is not required for utensils or packaging material as these are not covered under the definition of food as per Section 3(n) of FSS Act, 2006.

 

Who will issue license to food business operators under railways premises?

Ans: FSSAI license/Registration for food premises under Railways are issued by the Indian Railways Designated Officers/Registering Authorities as notified by Food Authority from time to time.

 

Whether NOC from FSSAI is required for export?

Ans: No, NOC is not required from Food Safety and Standards Authority of India for exporting food products from India however FSSAI License is required to be taken by the exporter.

 

What is the meaning of 14 digits of FSSAI Licence Number ?

Ans: Every Licence/Registration number consists of 14 digits , which has the below representation :

a)    The First will be signifying whether it is a licence or it is registration, 1 for Licence and 2 for Registration;
b)    Next 2 digit will indicate State/UT /Centre, Central Licensing will be denoted by 00 and others have specific codes;
c)    Next 2 digits signifies year of start of business like  for 2020, it will be 20;
d)    Next 3 digits will signify the Designated/ Registrar Officers under whose jurisdiction a licence/registration comes.
e)    Next 6 digits signifies the serial number of the business under a particular designated officer.
Thus, the allotment of digits will be as follows:
FIRST DIGIT    Licence/Registration
NEXT 2 DIGITS    State/U.T,
NEXT 2 DIGITS    Year of Business Establishment
NEXT 3 DIGITS    Designated/Registration Officer
NEXT 6 DIGITS    Serial No. of Licence/Registration
 

Edited by Neelansh Gupta