DIGITAL INDIA MISSION
Digital India is a flagship program of the GOI which has the vision to revamp India into a digitally empowered society.
E-governance initiatives in India took a broader dimension within the mid-1990s for wider sectoral applications with emphasis on citizen-centric services. Digital India is a flagship program of the Government of India which has the vision to revamp India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy.
e-Kranti: National e-Governance Plan 2.0
The National e-Governance Plan (NeGP) was initiated in 2006 which is the national level e-governance program. There were 31 Mission Mode Projects under National e-Governance Plan covering a wide range of domains which includes agriculture, land records, health, education, passports, police, courts, municipalities, commercial taxes and treasuries etc. 24 Mission Mode Projects are implemented and began delivering either full or partial range of envisaged services.
The govt of India approved e-Kranti program with the vision of “Transforming e-Governance for Transforming Governance”, Considering the shortcomings in National e-Governance Plan that included lack of integration amongst Government applications and databases, low degree of state process re-engineering, the scope for leveraging emerging technologies like mobile and cloud, etc.
Vision of Digital India
The vision of Digital India programme is to rework India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy.
Vision Areas of Digital India
The Digital India programme relies on three key vision areas:
Digital Infrastructure as a Core Utility for every Citizen
- Availability of high-speed internet as a core utility for delivery of services to the citizens
- Cradle to grave digital identity that is unique, lifelong, online and authenticable for every citizen
- Mobile phone and bank account enabling citizen participation in digital & financial space
- Easy access to a Common Service Centre
- Shareable private space on a public cloud
- Safe and secure cyber-space
Governance & Services on Demand
- Seamlessly integrated services across departments or jurisdictions
- Real time availability of services from online & mobile platforms
- All citizen entitlements and authorization made to be portable and available on the cloud
- Digitally transformed services for improving ease of doing business
- Making financial transactions electronic & cashless
- Leveraging Geospatial Information Systems (GIS) for decision support systems & development
Digital Empowerment of Citizens
- Universal digital literacy
- Universally accessible digital resources
- Availability of digital resources or the services in Indian languages
- Collaborative digital platforms for participative governance
- Citizens not required to physically submit Govt. documents / certificates
Approach and Methodology for Digital India programme are:
- Ministries / Departments / States would fully leverage the Common and Support ICT Infrastructure established by Government of India.
- The existing/ ongoing e-governance initiatives would be suitably revamped to align them with the principles of Digital India.
- States would be given flexibility to identify for inclusion additional state-specific projects, which are relevant for their socio-economic needs.
- Successes would be identified and their replication promoted proactively with the required productization and customization wherever needed.
- Adoption of Unique ID would be promoted to facilitate identification, authentication and delivery of benefits.
- Restructuring of NIC would be undertaken to strengthen the IT support to all government departments at the Centre and the State levels.
- CIO positions are going to be at Additional Secretary/Joint Secretary level with over-riding powers thereon within the respective Ministry.
Programme Management Structure
Key components of the Programme Management structure is as follows:
- Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) for program-level policy decisions.
- A Monitoring Committee which is under the Chairpersonship of Prime Minister which can be constituted with representation drawn from relevant Ministries/ Departments to supply leadership, prescribe deliverables and milestones, and monitor periodically the implementation of Digital India program.
- The composition of the Advisory Group would accompany representation from committee and eight to 9 representatives from the States/UTs and other Line Ministries/Departments on a rotational basis.
- An Apex Committee headed by Cabinet Secretary would be overseeing the program and would offer policy and strategic directions for its implementation and resolving inter-ministerial issues.
- Expenditure Committee (EFC)/Committee on Non-Plan Expenditure (CNE) to financially appraise/ approve projects as per the existing delegation of monetary powers. The EFC/ CNE headed by Secretary Expenditure would even be recommending to the CCEA the way during which MMPs/ E-Governance initiatives are to be implemented, also because of the financial terms of participation for the States. A representative of the Planning Commission would even be included in both the EFC and CNE.
- Institutional mechanism of Digital India at the State level would be headed by State Committee on Digital India by the Chief Minister. State/UT Apex Committees on Digital India headed by Chief Secretaries would be constituted at the State/UT level to allocate required resources, set priority amongst projects and resolve inter-departmental issues at the State level.
- Since “e-Kranti: National E-Governance Plan 2.0” is integrated with Digital India Programme, the prevailing programme management structure established for National E-Governance Plan at both the national and thus the state level has also been decided to be integrated appropriately with the programme management structure being envisaged for Digital India programme at the national and thus the State/UT level.
Pillars of Digital India
Digital India is a program which covers multiple Government Ministries and Departments. It weaves together an outsized number of ideas and thoughts into one, comprehensive vision so as that every of them are often implemented as a neighborhood of a much bigger goal.
Each individual element stands on its own, but is additionally a neighborhood of the larger picture.
- Broadband Highways
- Universal Access to Mobile Connectivity
- Public Internet Access Programme
- Electronics Manufacturing
- Early Harvest Programs
- E-Governance – Reforming Government through Technology
- Kranti - Electronic delivery of services
- Information for All
- IT for Jobs