Digital Governance/E-Governance: A Boon For Policy Formulation In Developing Economies
The advent of technology compelled the Governments of Different countries to initiate the process of Digital Governance.
“Technology Is A Useful Servant But A Dangerous Master.”-Christian Lous Lange
Technology is a boon for society. 21st Century is the age of science, the Age of Scientific Reasoning, Advanced Techniques & Modernized Methods. It is changing its dimensions with the evolving world and the advent of the latest techniques.
When the applications of Information Technology & Communication is used for Governance it is known as “E-Governance.” Due to e-governance, the information can be properly disseminated to the public.
What is E-Governance?
Today, in the age of technology the Concept of Electronic governance or e-governance is adopted by many developing as well as developed countries of the world. In Developing economies like India it has become a necessity. The advent of technology compelled the Governments of Different countries to initiate the process of Digital Governance in their Functioning. Electronic Governance is used by the Government to facilitate information technology in Government Services, Communication Transactions, Exchange of information, etc. In simple words, it is the use of technology in Processing the activities of the Government. Examples of E-Governance include National Portal for India, Digital; & Land Management system, Filling of the taxes online, etc.
Understanding the Process of Digital Governance
1. Government to Government: It happened when the exchange of information takes place between the Governments like Central Government to State Governments or between different segments of the same government.
2. Government to Citizen: The platform where the citizens can interact with the Government.
3. Government to Businesses: In this scenario businesses can contact the Government regarding the policies related to their Future.
4. Government to Employees: In this case the interaction of the Government and its employees takes place.
The Mission of E-Governance
1. Simplification of the complexities of Government for Governance, Citizens & Businesses.
2. Making the processes of Government more transparent for the people, Accountable for society, and comfortable for businesses & Startups.
3. Minimizing the incidents of corruption in Administration.
4. Ensuring faster, smoother & effective administration.
5. Effective dissemination of information at right time.
Some Things to Consider
1. Lack of Computer Literacy: India is still a developing country and many people do not know the basics of computers. So it is difficult for the Countries like India to establish the mechanism of e-governance.
2. Less Human Interaction: E-government leads to the loss of human interaction. Lesser human interaction will lead to many problems in the future.
3. Lack of Access to the Internet: As we know that there are no proper ICT-based facilities in the country. So it is difficult that e-governance will prosper in the whole country.
4. Cyber threats: It leads to data theft & Cyber breaches.
E-Governance in Indian Context
In India, it is a recently developed concept. The launch of the National Satellite-Based Computer Network (NICENET) in 1987 and the simultaneous launch of different projects related to advancements in the conceptions of E-governance. In 2006 National e-governance plan was formulated by the Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology. It has led to various initiatives:
1. Digital India: It was launched in 2015 and leads to the Digitization of the Whole country. The main components of the Initiative are:
• Establishment of Digital Infrastructure.
• Achieving Universal Digital Literacy.
• Deliverance of Government services Digitally.
2. Aadhar: It is a unique identification number by UIDAI and acts as a proof of identity which works based on Biometric data.
3. Mygov.in: It is a public platform where people can share their ideas about Government & policymaking.
4. UMANG: It a mobile application that provides access to the services of Central & State Government like Aadhar, Digi Locker, PAN, etc.
5. DigiLocker: It leads to stores the essential documents digitally like PAN, Mark Sheets, Degree certificates, etc.
6. Mobile Seva: It aims to provide access to various government services through mobile phones or Tablets.
E-Governance has become a necessity for the smoother functioning of government services. Now Files need to be stored Digitally and the paper work has been transformed itself into Digital Working. There are many specialties of Digital Governance and it is extensively used in various developing economies. With the latest innovation and coming of new trends in technology, we will be able to see the Development in Processing of Government by the method of e-governance.
Edited By Team CLIQTAX
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